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记录一些python常用的小功能模块使用

发送邮件及附件

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import smtplib
from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
from email.mime.text import MIMEText
from email.mime.application import MIMEApplication


def 发送邮件(邮件标题,称呼,邮件文字,发件人邮箱,密码,收件人邮箱,附件路径列表,附件命名列表):
msg = MIMEMultipart()
msg["Subject"] = 邮件标题
msg["From"] = 发件人邮箱
msg["To"] = 称呼
#这是文字部分
part = MIMEText(邮件文字)
msg.attach(part)
#这是附件部分
for 附件路径,附件命名 in zip(附件路径列表,附件命名列表):
part = MIMEApplication(open(附件路径,'rb').read())
part.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'attachment', filename=附件命名)
msg.attach(part)

s = smtplib.SMTP("smtp.qq.com", timeout=60)#SMTP服务的网址
try:
s.login(发件人邮箱, 密码)
s.sendmail(发件人邮箱, 收件人邮箱, msg.as_string())#收件人邮箱可以是列表
s.close()
print("发送成功")
except:
print("发送失败")

win32操作相关的

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import win32gui,win32con,win32api

# 操作win32相关
def 点击(id):
win32gui.SendMessage(id,win32con.WM_LBUTTONDOWN, 0,0)
win32gui.PostMessage(id,win32con.WM_LBUTTONUP, 0,0)
def 填信息(id,text):
win32gui.SendMessage(id,win32con.WM_SETTEXT, 0,text)
def 发送回车(id):
win32gui.SendMessage(id,win32con.WM_KEYDOWN, win32con.VK_RETURN,0)
win32gui.PostMessage(id,win32con.WM_KEYUP, win32con.VK_RETURN,0)
def 列出子窗口句柄(id):
hwndChildList = []
win32gui.EnumChildWindows(id, lambda hwnd,param: param.append(hwnd),hwndChildList)
n = 0
for i in hwndChildList:
print(i ,"{:#016X}".format(i),win32gui.GetWindowText(i),n)
n += 1
return hwndChildList
def 获得窗口标题的句柄(name):
hwndChildList = []
win32gui.EnumChildWindows(None, lambda hwnd,param: param.append(hwnd),hwndChildList)
for i in hwndChildList:
if name in win32gui.GetWindowText(i):
return i
def 提取句柄文本(句柄):
# 获取识别结果中输入框文本
length = win32gui.SendMessage(句柄, win32con.WM_GETTEXTLENGTH)+1
buf = win32gui.PyMakeBuffer(length)
#发送获取文本请求
win32api.SendMessage(句柄, win32con.WM_GETTEXT, length, buf)
#下面应该是将内存读取文本
address, length = win32gui.PyGetBufferAddressAndLen(buf[:-1])
text = win32gui.PyGetString(address, length)
return text
#print(提取句柄文本(列出子窗口句柄(获得窗口标题的句柄('来电接听'))[41]))

连续点击数据的tkinter

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from tkinter import *
from tkinter import ttk

def 连续点击tkinter():
1 = [1,2,3]
2 = [4,5,6]
3 = [7,8,9]
表 = [表1,表2,表3]

def 选表():
players["values"] = 表[var.get()-1]
players.current(0) #默认第一个开始
def 执行查找(*args):
#使用players.get()
#然后自增
players.set(players["values"][players["values"].index(players.get())+1])
root = Tk()
var = IntVar()
var.set(1)
name = StringVar()
root.wm_attributes('-topmost',1)

单选框1 = Radiobutton(root, text="表1", value=1, variable=var, command = 选表).pack()
单选框2 = Radiobutton(root, text="表2", value=2, variable=var, command = 选表).pack()
单选框2 = Radiobutton(root, text="表3", value=3, variable=var, command = 选表).pack()

players = ttk.Combobox(root, textvariable=name,width=50)
players["values"] = 表1
players["state"] = "readonly"

players.current(0)
# players.set("演员表")
# print(players.get())

players.pack()
Button(root,text = "点击查询",command = 执行查找,width=50,height=20).pack()

root.mainloop()

爬虫获取post接口数据

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import json
import requests
def 爬虫获取post数据():
postUrl = ''
# 请求头设置
payloadHeader = {
'Host': '',
'Origin': '',
#'Cookie': '',
'Referer': '',
'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/75.0.3770.142 Safari/537.36',
'Content-Type': 'application/json',
'Content-Length': '32',
'Connection': 'keep-alive',
'Authorization': 'bearer eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJpYXQiOjE1NDE1OTQ4NjAsInN1YiI6ImJ3eWRiZyJ9.t_XDqE2CaCSxg_Mtw5BrgUCTFpjpmU9oyI32oGPO9wY',
'Accept-Language': 'zh-CN,zh;q=0.9',
'Accept-Encoding': 'gzip, deflate',
'Accept': 'application/json, text/plain, */*',
}
# 下载超时
timeOut = 25
# payloadData数据
payloadData = {
'': ""
}
dumpJsonData = json.dumps(payloadData)
res = requests.post(postUrl, data=dumpJsonData, headers=payloadHeader, timeout=timeOut, allow_redirects=False)
res_dict = eval(res.text)
信息列表 = []
#123123
return 信息列表

selenium相关操作

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from selenium.webdriver.chrome.options import Options

# chrome_options = Options()
# #chrome_options.add_experimental_option("debuggerAddress", "127.0.0.1:9222")
# chrome_driver = "chromedriver.exe"
# driver = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_driver, chrome_options=chrome_options)

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from selenium.webdriver.support.expected_conditions import presence_of_element_located
import time
# driver.find_elements_by_id("cheddar")
# driver.find_element_by_css_selector("#cheese #cheddar")
# driver.find_elements_by_class_name()
# driver.find_element_by_xpath()
# driver..find_element_by_link_text("新闻")
def 例子():
with webdriver.Chrome() as driver:
wait = WebDriverWait(driver, 10 , 0.5) #显式等待 until / until_not
driver.implicitly_wait(10) #隐性等待
driver.get("https://www.baidu.com") #发送请求
#driver.refresh() #刷新浏览器
#driver.set_window_size(1400,800) #设置浏览器大小
driver.maximize_window() #浏览器窗口最大化
driver.find_element_by_id("kw").send_keys("selenium",Keys.ENTER)
#driver.find_element_by_id("su").click()
time.sleep(10)
first_result = wait.until(presence_of_element_located((By.CSS_SELECTOR, "h3>div")))
#print(first_result.get_attribute("textContent"))
def 综合():
#先快捷方式后加' --remote-debugging-port=9222 --user-data-dir="C:\selenum\AutomationProfile" https://live.bwjf.com/dashboard'打开浏览器
chrome_options = Options()
chrome_options.add_experimental_option("debuggerAddress", "127.0.0.1:9222")
chrome_driver = r"C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chromedriver.exe"
driver = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_driver, chrome_options=chrome_options)
driver.implicitly_wait(10)

def 点击按钮(按钮位置):
time.sleep(0.2)
driver.find_element_by_xpath(按钮位置).click()
def 填写内容(按钮位置,内容):
driver.find_element_by_xpath(按钮位置).send_keys(内容)
def 选择下拉框(按钮位置,选项):
点击按钮(按钮位置)
time.sleep(0.1)
点击选项 = driver.find_element_by_xpath('''//span[text()="'''+选项+'''"]''')
print(点击选项)
点击选项.click()
def 选择下拉框特殊(按钮位置,选项):
点击按钮(按钮位置)
time.sleep(0.1)
点击选项 = driver.find_element_by_css_selector('body > div.el-select-dropdown.el-popper > div.el-scrollbar > div.el-select-dropdown__wrap.el-scrollbar__wrap > ul > li.el-select-dropdown__item:nth-child(2)')
点击选项.click()
def 输入后选择下拉框(按钮位置,内容和选项):
填写内容(按钮位置,内容和选项)
print('''//span[text()="'''+内容和选项+'''"]''')
time.sleep(0.1)
选项出现 = driver.find_element_by_xpath('''//span[text()="'''+内容和选项+'''"]''')
time.sleep(0.5)
选项出现.click()

django导入库数据

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import os,sys,django,xlrd
# 本文件在manage.py同文件夹下
def django导入库数据():
文件名 = '表.xls'
读取的Excel = xlrd.open_workbook(filename = 文件名)
文件内第一个表= 读取的Excel.sheet_by_index(0)
# def 获得列序号(表名,查找字段名):
# 列序号 = None
# for i in range(表名.ncols):
# if (表名.cell_value(0,i) == 查找字段名):
# 列序号 = i
# break
# return 列序号
#竖向资料 = [文件内第一个表.col_values(i) for i in range(文件内第一个表.ncols)]
横向资料 = [文件内第一个表.row_values(i) for i in range(1,文件内第一个表.nrows)]

project_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)))
sys.path.append(project_path)
os.environ['DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE'] = 'shuai.settings'
django.setup()
from APP名称.models import 模型类名
list = []
for i in 横向资料:
list.append(模型类名(字段1 = i[0],字段2 = i[1],字段3 = i[2],字段4 = i[3]))

模型类名.objects.bulk_create(list)

返回文件绝对路径

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import os,sys

def 返回文件绝对路径(当前路径文件名):
if hasattr(sys, '_MEIPASS'):
# PyInstaller会创建临时文件夹temp
# 并把路径存储在_MEIPASS中
base_path = sys._MEIPASS
else:
base_path = os.path.abspath('.')
return os.path.join(base_path, 当前路径文件名)

#print(返回文件绝对路径('list1.py'))

返回当前路径第一个包含名字的文件

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import os

def 返回当前路径第一个包含名字的文件(名字):
namelist = os.listdir(os.getcwd())
for x in namelist:
if 名字 in x and '$' not in x:
路径 = x
return 路径
break
#print(返回当前路径第一个包含名字的文件('lis'))

xlrd打开excel文件

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import xlrd

class 打开excel文件():
def __init__(self,文件名,第几个表):
self.文件 = xlrd.open_workbook(filename = 文件名)
self.表 = self.文件.sheet_by_index(第几个表-1)


def 获得横向资料(self):
self.数据 = [self.表.row_values(i) for i in range(self.表.nrows)]
return self.数据


def 获得纵向资料(self):
self.数据 = [self.表.col_values(i) for i in range(self.表.ncols)]
return self.数据

def 获得名称列数据(self,名称):
def 获得列序号(表名,查找字段名):
列序号 = None
for i in range(表名.ncols):
if (表名.cell_value(0,i) == 查找字段名):
列序号 = i
break
return 列序号
print(获得列序号(self.表,名称))
self.数据 = self.表.col_values(获得列序号(self.表,名称),1)
return self.数据

# 文件 = 打开excel文件('测试.xlsx',1)
# print(文件.获得名称列数据('地址'))

列表取第一个电话

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import re

def 列表取第一个电话(list1):
list2 = []
for i in list1:
for j in i:
if re.match(r"^1\d{10}$", j):
list2.append(j)
break
else:
list2.append('mei')
return list2
#list1 = [['123','13210000000','13210000000'],['159','15988886666'],['123']]
#print(列表取第一个电话(list1))

求列表元素出现次数字典

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def 求列表元素出现次数字典(list):
结果 = {}
for i in set(list):
结果[i] = list.count(i)
return 结果

openpyxl写新文件

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import openpyxl
from openpyxl.styles import Alignment, Font

def openpyxl写新文件():
填充的数据列表 = []

结果文件 = openpyxl.Workbook()

1 = 结果文件.active

1.title = '表1'
1.merge_cells(start_row=1, start_column=1, end_row=1, end_column=6)
1.cell(1, 1).value = '这里我就写个字'

标题 = 表1['A1']
标题.font = Font(name = '黑体',size = 20)
标题.alignment = Alignment(horizontal='center', vertical='center')

1.column_dimensions['B'].width = 33
1.column_dimensions['C'].width = 11

for i in 填充的数据列表:
1.append(i)

2 = 结果文件.create_sheet('表2')
2.append('数据')

结果文件.save('结果文件.xlsx')

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